On 11 November Poland celebrates the National Independence Day. The date commemorates events from 1918 when Poland regained its independence after 123 years of partitions.
Since 1795 Poland was divided between Austria, Prussia and Russia. The World War I which ended in 1918, was a defeat to all those major European powers. The process of formation of Polish independent government and seizing power from the hands of Austrians in October. On 11 November 1918 Józef Piłsudski, founder of Polish legions who came back from German prison one day earlier, was appointed the Commander-in-Chief over the Polish Forces. Three days later Pilsudski was given complete civil control over Polish territories.
11 November was celebrated as Polish Independence Day since 1920. In the communist period it was forbidden to celebrate this day but it was restored immediately after the collapse of communism in 1989. [excerpt from the article at the link.]
Yes, today is a special day in Poland. It should be a special day here too because the Allies entered WWII after Poland was invaded by German forces at the beginning of the War. The invasion was evidence that earlier efforts to appease Hitler were insufficient to prevent conflict but, ironically, by the end of the War, Churchill gave Poland to Stalin in another act of appeasement. One imagines that that decision to give Poland away, despite the human cost of the War, was a most difficult thing to do. One supposes that America’s unwillingness to continue the War was a deciding factor in the decision.
Professional. Retired. Canadian.